Often people have a question and reflect on what will they look like in the future. Movies create fantastic images of elflike or four-meter tall blue skin people. Everyone remembers movie “Avatar” and elves and orks from “The Lord of the Rings”.
This question also bothers scientists – what will be human gemone like, what will be their physiological, mental features and other factors. First of all, everyone wants to answer the question how will humanity adapt to climate change, what will their skin be like, how will they look like. Scott Solomon’s study Future Humans focuses on the concept of human evolution – what happened and how much do we know. The book does not speculate on fantasies but tries to show what we know about how people can change through generations and in different hereditary ways.
A hypothesis that people will stop evolving is not true. But it is important to know that genes are manipulated, experimented on and often not for the good. After all, everybody knows and has read that through the ages human skin colour has adapted to a climate change, there’s synthesis of vitamin D and other processes take place. In time, human body has adopted to oxygen, and nowadays intolerance to lactose urges us to feed on products with calcium.
Natural evolution has slowed a lot which is caused by antibiotics, gene engineering and even healthcare. However, Solomon notices that facing a problem people already have learned to solve it in their own way – it overcoming AIDS and late motherhood.
Some mammals can be set as an example when they can change their form and adapt in hard survival situations, like water opossums, dwarf elephants and similar. Our race would benefit from dark skin, light bones and ability to float in the air!
It can be guessed that increasing population, genetic changes and reproduction in late age will show which direction evolution will take. That’s why we suggest considering 10 steps of evolution researchers point out.
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